Teacup Maltese are some of the most beautiful and lovely looking toy dog breeds favored by dog lovers everywhere. Also known as Toy Maltese, Miniature Maltese, Mini Maltese, the dog’s gentleness, friendliness and lovely looking coat are what endears this particular dog breed to people.
Aside from its looks and temperament the Teacup Maltese has a long and exciting history as to how it became the dog breed that we all know and love today. One look at its history and you can tell that the dog breed has experienced a lot of things. If you don’t own a Maltese dog yet, this information can still be useful for you.
As far as recorded history is concerned, the breed originated somewhere around 6,000 BC or 8,000 BC. From its name, anyone would assume that the breed came from the Island of Malta in the Mediterranean Sea. The ancient Greek and Roman people believe that the dog came from the mentioned island and gave it the name “Melitaie Dog.” However, there is evidence that shows the dog being indigenous to Malta. The dog’s origins are somewhere from South-Central Europe and is descended from the area’s Spitz-type dog breed. The dog was a popular trading item which was bought to the Island of Malta first then to places like China, the Middle East, Tibet, Philippines, and Japan. Where the merchants and traders went, the dog was with them.
The evidence of the dog’s popularity is found in the various representations of the ancient cultures that are familiar with the dog. The ancient Egyptians worshiped the dog as a god, Greek vases as well as ceramic art depicts the dog, the famous poets as well as historians of ancient Greek or Roman background are familiar with the breed. Pliny the Elder, Aristotle, Strabo, Timon, Martial, Callimachus, Artimidorous, Aelian and St. Clement of Alexandria all commonly mention the dog in their writings. Finally, Claudius, the Roman Emperor, owned one. It is unknown whether the Maltese were Teacup Maltese, but it didn’t matter since the dog was very popular.
The Maltese breed was able to weather out the period of history known as the “Dark Ages.” The upper classes like the royalty, aristocrats, and statespersons considered the dog as a prized pet. Another thing that made the dog famous at this time is that the Maltese were said to possess medicinal healing power. The dog was placed on the chest or stomach of the sick person to apply the “healing” effect. The dog was called by some as the “Comforter” since the dog’s small size along with its affectionate, and warm nature was comforting to those holding the animal in their hands. This description is one indication that the dog was being bred into a Teacup Maltese.
In the 16th century after the Dark Ages, the Maltese still was a popular pet. In fact, famous persons like Mary, Queen of Scots and England’s Queen Elizabeth the First owned several Maltese dogs.
Sometime in the middle of the 1800s, a debate arose concerning the classification of the Maltese. Dog authorities and dog writers were divided as to what family the dog belongs. One side asserts that the Maltese are in the Terrier family due to its Terrier-like temperament. Others claim that they belonged to the Spaniel family due to their physical appearance. By the early 1900s, everyone agreed that the dog is neither a Spaniel nor a Terrier and decided that all Teacup Maltese dogs and Teacup Maltese puppies are Maltese dogs.
By 1873 the Kennel Club of England was established and the first dog stud book was founded by this group. The book has twenty-four Maltese teacup dogs registered dating from 1859 to 1873. One of the famous Maltese breeders named Lady Giffard had dogs noted for their long silky coats. Lady Giffard bred dogs around 1875 to 1885. Some of her famous Maltese teacup dogs were “Hugh” a four-pound dog and his sister “Queenie” who weighs at three pounds.
The dog breed was introduced to the United States in 1873. Dog lovers in the United States at this time showed a keen interest in the Maltese. In fact, what interested Americans was colored Maltese dogs. It was in the United States that the black Maltese appeared by breeding a black Pomeranian and a white Maltese. The period from 1900 and 1910 saw the rise of numerous kennels for breeding Poodles. Some of these kennels began crossbreeding the Poodle with the Teacup Maltese, which in turn produced the Maltipoo breed.
The Maltese dog’s popularity in the United States grew in the 1950s and today their popularity still keeps growing.
Interesting fact: the dog is known by other names such as “Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta,” the “Spaniel Gentle,” the “Bichon” and the “Maltese Lion Dog.”
A Teacup Maltese lifespan is shorter compared to human years so it is a concern that Maltese dog owners that will have to deal. Healthy Maltese lifespan can reach to 13 years. The average range of lifespan is between 12 to 15 years. A Maltese dog that reaches 13.1 years of age is considered to very old. Of course, some dogs live to be 15, 16 or 17 years old before dying of natural causes. Additionally, female Maltese dogs have longer lifespans compared to male Maltese dogs.
There “secret” to extending the lifespan of a Maltese dog is no secret. Just simply take care of its health, gives it lots of exercises and proper nutrition can help in extending the dog’s lifespan. For specifics, here are some tips:
- Dental care – Easy to do and yet easy to overlook by the dog’s owner.
- Check-ups – A necessary thing to do because some health issues cannot be detected superficially. Veterinarians are better at the job.
- Proper Diet – Avoid poor quality food, additives, fillers and meals with no nutritional element.
- Good Exercise – This activity strengthens and improves the heart, muscles, and lungs of the dog. Also, keep the Maltese dog physically fit.
Feeding your dog is crucial for maintaining the well-being and good health of your pet. You need to know what types of food and how to feed you Teacup Maltese dog to ensure its physical well-being.
How much food is needed for a Maltese dog?
Several factors determine the amount of food that you need to feed your dog. These are age, level of activity and the dog’s natural body metabolism. Pregnancy is also another factor since the pregnant female dog will need lots of nutrients for its unborn growing puppies.
Feeding tips for Maltese puppies
- The critical and important period for a puppy’s growth development is its first two years. Bones and body of the puppy grow at a very quick rate necessitating the need for the exact amount of necessary nutrients, vitamins, and calories to give to it. Growing pups need only 1 ounce (28 grams) to 1.5 ounces (42 grams) of food equal to its body weight once per day.
- Avoid free feeding method for your Maltese, who is past three months old. This method is more of a personality discipline than a physical concern about overfeeding. A puppy that got used to free feeding will always expect food when it becomes an adult. As an adult, a Maltese should only have one full meal per day.
Feeding tips for Adult Maltese dogs
- Once your dog is two years old, it will eat less food. At this point, you need only to give your dog ½ ounce (14 grams) of dog food (preferably dry) per body pound each day. You can divide the dog’s one big meal into several smaller meals if you want to feed it more than once per day. Active Maltese dogs will need more food to eat than usual.
- At the age of seven, (and up)your dog is easier to feed since you don’t have to keep up with your pet’s growth rate. One meal is needed to serve your dog coupled with fresh, healthy snacks’. Be sure to set aside on a quiet, private corner in your home where you can feed your Maltese dog without any distractions from the noise and foot traffic in your house.
Training is one of the most exciting and fun parts of owning a Teacup Maltese dog. It’s a good thing that the dog breed is very smart making training easier for you. An added and useful benefit to training a Maltese is that you are essentially creating and strengthening the human-dog bond that both you and your pet have together. Here are some helpful tips to remember:
- Use positive reinforcement when training. Lots of praises, encouragement and rewards do wonders for the dog’s morale. Just keep in its moderation because otherwise, you will be spoiling your dog.
- Throw the “leash jerking” and “hard corrections” method out of the window. You and your dog do not need then. Instead, use repetitive as well as consistent training to shape its behavior along with disciplining the dog to behave.
- Start training the dog by teaching to obey simple commands like sit, stay, down, come, etc. If your Maltese is still a puppy learning it simple commands is easier since they can grasp the commands quickly.
- Potty training is another important training session. Make sure that you pay close attention to this training as well as having the persistence to see this training through.
- You can use a crate as a training tool for the Maltese to potty and let the dog know that desirable eliminations of the potty are rewarded. Potty training applies to indoors and outdoors potty.
- Your Maltese dog often eats other animals’ feces. This condition is called “coprophagia”, and it is more common than you think. Your dog will eventually outgrow it, but it is still better to stop the disgusting habit. Most animal feces have bad stuff and bacteria in it, so it is important to stop your dog from eating said animal feces.
To break this habit makes sure that your dog is eating nutritious and well-balanced meals. You can choose to divide its meal into two servings to keep it away from feces-eating
Stimulate your dog’s mental and physical state to keep its mind away from making its disgusting habit.
- Your Maltese dog is very fond of chewing things like its other dog breeds. Your dog may be experiencing separation anxiety, teething, attention-getting or phobia hence its chewing behavior. It cannot be stressed enough as to why a Maltese must be discouraged from such an activity. Your dog might chew on harmful objects like poisons or eclectic wire.
If you notice that your dog is fond of chewing a certain object, take the object and coat it with non-toxic substances to discourage the dog. Alternatively, you can shoot a firm “NO!”
- A Maltese is a loud barking dog, and its barking will drive you and anyone else to madness. A Maltese dog barks due to grabbing attention (of its owner which is you), sensing a threat to territory and demand things. Obedience training can solve this problem.
A full-grown adult Maltese will reach 8 to 10 inches at the shoulder. Note that a Toy Maltese is considered as a Toy Dog only when it reaches its maximum size as an adult.
Another thing about Maltese dog sizes; the American Kennel Club (or AKC) has weight standards for Maltese dogs shown in dog shows or exhibitions. If you’re the type who likes to enter your Maltese dog in events like these, be sure to know what the size (and weight) standards needed to enter.
Be wary of Maltese dogs that are undersized. These kinds of dogs tend to have many health problems, and some of those can be expensive to treat.
Teacup Maltese Pictures
The highest Teacup Maltese price is $2250 USD. The lowest price is $700 USD. Make sure that you get your money’s worth when buying Teacup Maltese puppies or adults.
Personality – Playful, lively, friendly, easily trained and adorable.
Weight – Reaches up to 7 pounds max.
Coat colors – Pure, solid white, Light tan and Lemon (or Yellowish color).
Feeding – High-quality dry food served in ¼ to ½ cup divided into two parts.
There is no doubt that the Teacup Maltese is a good pet companion that has a long, impressive history. Regardless of what happens just bear in mind to love and care your Maltese dog. You can expect the dog to return that you have shown to it.