Teacup puppies are cute, small as well as adorable and this why most dog lovers prefer Teacup dogs as a companion animal pet. Teacups are a breed of small dogs whose main purpose is to be a lap dog. Teacups have a height that is less than 17 inches and weights at 4lbs. If a puppy reaches the age of 12-months old and does not exceed the height mentioned, then the puppy is a member of the Teacup breeds. You are thinking of getting a Teacup as your pet, but if you can’t decide what Teacup to get then, the Teacup dog breeds list below can help you.
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1. Teacup Chihuahua
Place of Origin: Mexico
Size: Varies from each dog – 15 to 23 cm (6 to 9 in) or 30 to 38 cm (12 to 15 in)
Health problems: weak teeth, hydrocephalus, moleras (soft spot in skulls), hypoglycemia, chronic bronchitis and heart diseases.
Lifespan: 10-18 years
Kennel dog clubs recognize the Chihuahua as a breed of a dog giving it the distinction of being the smallest dog breed recognized by said organizations. Chihuahuas are bought by dog owners to be a companion or a show dog. Like most dogs in the Teacup dog breeds list, its origins are ancient specifically in Mexico. It was the pet of the ancient Toltecs and later the food source of the Aztecs.
Two varieties of Chihuahuas exist. One is the short-haired Smooth coat, and the other is the Long coat. Their coat colors are of any color combination, and no color or pattern is valuable compared to other color or pattern. Short-haired Chihuahuas are easier to groom and does not need trimming, unlike their Long-haired cousins. The one distinct feature of this particular this Teacup breeds is their head. The shape of the dog’s head is either “apple head” or “deer head”.
A Chihuahua’s personality depends on the temperament of its owner. If properly trained as a puppy the dog can be loyal and protective. Otherwise; it can be easily provoked to anger along with the attack. Their attitude towards children also depends on its owner. The dog does not get along with other dogs that are not of its kind due to their “clannish nature” though being raised along other dogs when they were just Teacup puppies can help mitigate this behavior.
2. Teacup Maltese
Place of Origin: Central Mediterranean Area
Size: 18 to 30 cm (7 to 12 inches)
Health problems: eyes prone to tear staining, tooth-related problems.
Lifespan: 12-15 years
This breed of small dogs is one of the oldest types of dogs that is centuries old. Its original name was “Canis Melitaeus” in Latin and was known by other names such as “ancient dog of Malta,” “Roman ladies dog,” “Maltese dog lion” and “Cokie.” It was in the 19th century that The Kennel Club officially gave it the name “Maltese”. The Maltese is very popular not modern times, but also in the past centuries.
The Maltese have brown eyes, black button nose and ears that sometimes have long hair. Their skulls are slightly rounded with a finger-width dome. Their coat is long as well as silky that white in color. Some Maltese Teacup puppies have slight lemon markings and ivory tinge. Trimming or shaving a Maltese Teacup breeds is an optional choice for its owner. Some dog owners prefer their Maltese’s coat short. Regular grooming is a must to prevent matting. In spite of its long-haired coat, the dog does not shed making it an ideal pet for people with dog allergies.
Small dogs are playful animals, and the intelligent Maltese are vivacious when it comes to playing. Even when the pup ages, its energetic and playful demeanor never changes. The dog is well-adapted to small yards and enclosed spaces like townhouses or apartments. Socialization along with training will reduce the dog’s snappish behavior, and when playing with kids, the pup needs supervision. Because of their fondness for their owners, they will suffer from separation anxiety is separated from their owners for long periods of time.
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3. Teacup Yorkies
Place of Origin: Yorkshire, Northern England
Size: 15 to 17 cm (6 to 7 inches)
Health problems: keratitis sicca, bronchitis, cataracts, lymphangiectasia and portosystemic shunt.
Lifespan: 13-16 years
Normally Teacup puppies and Teacup dogs are to be just companion pets, but in the case of the Yorkshire, Teacup breeds their original purpose was different. Produced during the 19th century a rat catcher in Yorkshire, England mills the dog, but eventually, people found out that it can be an excellent pet. A look at Teacup dog breeds list shows that most dogs have one progenitor; however the Yorkshire has three different ancestors. During its, early days of existence, any dog that has the shape of Terrier with a long coat that has the color of blue along with fawn and silver head, as well as legs mixed with tall trimmed ears, is considered a Yorkshire. But in the latter years of the 1860s a woman named Mary Ann Foster, who owned a Yorkshire Terrier named “Huddersfield Ben” brought her pet to several dog shows, became famous. The result of this popularity is that Huddersfield Ben’s breed type became the defined measuring standard for the Yorkies small dogs.
A Yorkies’ dominant physical trait is their coat. A significant emphasis is placed on the quality, color and texture of their coat. (Note that this also applies to Yorkshire Teacup puppies.) The color of the coat should be dark gray to black. Hair must be bright, rich tan with dark roots in its head, legs and high chest. Some dogs have extra fine or wooly coats. Because of their long-haired coat Yorkies, need regular brushing to prevent knotting. To give the dog more ease in moving and have a neater appearance some dog owners trim their fur.
Yorkies are a dog that is easy to train due to their nature. Its personality is both emotionally and mentally secure. Also, they can attention-getters, curious, active and overprotective. They are best suitable for families with older children. Physical and mental stimulation along with limited exercise will keep the dog fit. Adaptability to all surroundings makes this an ideal pet for any home. The dog gives the impression of a “carriage very upright and “conveying an important air” though it can bark a lot like any other small dogs.
4. Teacup Poodles
Place of Origin: Germany
Size: varies, the smallest is 38 cm (15 inches) and the biggest is 45–60 cm (18–24 in)
Health problems: Cataracts, entropion, epilepsy, gastric torsion, osteosarcoma, and Von Willebrand disease.
Lifespan: 12-15 years
Originally bred in Germany, these breed of Teacup dogs was popularized and standardize in France which resulted in becoming known as French-nationalized Teacup breeds. These dogs were pampered by French nobility especially the Sun King Louis XVI. During the late 18th century the Poodle Teacup puppies have reached Spain where they became popular. In spite of being a lap dog, the dog has been used for military purposes. Today the Poodle is still a favorite dog and is classified into three sizes: Toy, Miniature and Standard.
Though the breed has three size standards mentioned earlier they all have the same general body build regardless of the breed being small dogs. They have a squarely built appearance, eyes that are oval and very dark, ears folded close to the head at a set or slightly below eye level and an expression that conveys intelligence as well as alertness.
The coat of a Poodle has only one single layer that is composed of curly, dense fur which surprisingly has minimal hair shedding. Coat color is either solid or particolored with colors like red, black, silver beige, apricot and white to name a few. Phantom and brindle are patterns of the dog’s coat. Grooming a Poodle is necessary to prevent matting. Some owners prefer professional grooming (every six to eight weeks) which can be expensive, but with the proper equipment, home grooming can be done by the dog’s owner.
By nature Poodle Teacup dogs are sociable, intelligent, energetic and easily trainable animals. The dog is also well-versed in sports, and they need lots of physical actives as well as intellectual ones. Additionally, the Poodle still has its hunting and marking instincts. Poodles get along with children, but only for Standard types.
5. Teacup Pomeranian
Place of Origin: Pomerania, Central Europe
Size: 13-28 cm (5.0-11 in)
Health problems: mild to severe deafness, hip dysplasia, tracheal collapse, alopecia (hair loss), Cushing’s syndrome.
Lifespan: 12-16 years
What used to be Pomerania is now a part of Northern Poland and Eastern Germany. From this place, the breed of small dogs now known as Pomeranians originated and its founding sire of the dog is the German Spitz dog. Pomeranian Teacup Puppies became popular thanks to Europe’s royalty who used to own them. Britain’s Queen Victoria owned a small Pomeranian whose size would become the modern standard for the dog breed. Currently, the dog is popular in the US.
The Pomeranian is a compact yet sturdy dog whose coat has an abundance of hair. The coat is highly textured with the top forming the well-known ruff of fur on the dog’s neck. The tail is highly plumed while set flat and high. White and black are the most common colors in Pomeranians, but today colors like red, cream, brown, orange, sable and tan are present in its coat. Despite it thick, double coat, the dog can be groomed easily as long as it is done daily. Still the dog’s coat needs trimming, at least, every 1-2 months to keep it neat.
Like most Teacup dogs the Pomeranian is lively, friendly and playful, but it gets aggressive with other dogs unlike other dogs in the Teacup dog breeds list. The dog is intelligent and alert easy train as well as aware of changes happening around them. They need little exercise though they require lots of attention from their owners.
6. Teacup Shih Tzu
Place of Origin: Tibet and China
Size: 26.7 cm (10 ½ in)
Health problems: hypothyroidism, Intervertebral Disk Disease, breathing problems and eye Issues
Lifespan: 10-16 years
Also known as the “Chrysanthemum Dog,” the Shih Tzu’s origin is uncertain. Most theories suggest that it originated from Tibet since it looks like a cross between the Tibetan Lhasa Apso and Pekingese. Regardless of its uncertain origins, the Shih Tzu Teacup puppies were the favored pet of Ancient China’s nobles. In fact, they prohibited the trading and selling of these small dogs, but they made their way to Europe in 1930 and would spread to the US after World War 2.
The dog is small but sturdy, and it has a long soft double coat with drop ears covered in fur and a curled tail that is also heavily furred. Any color can is present on its coat, but most frequently white and blazes gray is predominant. The dog carries itself with a “distinct arrogant carriage though the dog itself is not arrogant by nature. The dog has a long silky coat requires daily brushing to avoid any tangles. Regular grooming on its fast-growing long coat is a must though this can be expensive. Some owners clip and trim the coat to prevent this.
Each dog of this breed has the varied temperament. However, its loyalty, alertness, outgoing nature and affectionate mind is common to all Shih Tzus. Just be aware that when training Shih Tzu Teacup puppies and full-grown dogs they can be quite stubborn. Thought being a watchdog is not its original purpose it excels being one.
You may notice that the dogs in this Teacup dog breeds list have health problems. Don’t let it discourage you since proper care and treatment will mitigate or prevent those health problems. Regardless of what Teacup dog you choose to be sure to love it and care for it like it was a member of your family.