Welcome to Teacup Dog Daily your source for useful and helpful information about Teacup dogs. This topic will help you decide what Teacup/Toy dog you want to get as a pet as well provide you a little background and useful info about this dog type.
What are Toy dogs?
Toy dogs are dogs that are slightly bigger than Teacup dogs. A small dog that does not fulfill the requirements to be a Teacup dog is a member of this dog classification. Any dogs can be considered as a Toy dog provided that their size is small not 17 inches or below it. Some examples are the Terriers, Spaniels, and Pinschers. Of course, if those dogs are 17 inches or below at a certain age classifying them as Teacup dogs are correct.
Like Teacups dogs, the Toy dog is a lap dog, but the term does not cover all Toy dogs. Unlike working dogs or hunting dogs the Toy dog was used as watchdog, symbol of affluence or to attract fleas away from their owners.
Major dog clubs like the New Zealand Kennel Club, The UK Kennel Club, Australian National Kennel Council, Canadian Kennel Club, and the American Kennel Club recognizes the dog’s category as a Toy dog. However, those criteria used most major dog clubs label a dog as a Toy dog differs from each club. Each club has its size and tradition when categorizing a Toy dog. Also, some of these dog clubs recognize the Teacup dogs along with the Toy dog.
Other dog clubs like the United Kennel Club in the US does not acknowledge the Toy dog as a group of dogs.
Compared to the Teacup dog breeds, all the leading dog clubs, and good dog registries do not consider the Teacup dogs as a group while the Toy dogs have some recognition.
What are Teacup dogs?
Teacup dogs are dogs that are under 17 or fewer inches in height and weighs about 4 to 7 pounds in weight. Officially there is no size standard for these dogs; however there is an unofficial measuring standard. Here is a way to identify if the pup is a Teacup dog: the puppy must have a height of 17 or fewer inches and weighs 4 or less lbs when it is 12 months or more. Any pup who does not meet these criteria is considered as to be a member of the small size dog breeds.
As pets they are very much in vogue which dog lovers who want a small and cute looking pet that like to sit in their lap. Most celebrities favor Teacup dogs as their pet. In the past, Teacup dogs were the favored pets of royals and nobles. Today celebrities who have the status of nobles and royals are the owners of some Teacup dogs.
Teacup dog breeds are not considered as a breed category hence their status as a “breed” is not official, and there are no regulations when it comes to breeding. Of course, it is understandable that some people may think that Teacup dogs as a separate breed due to their unique appearance. But in truth Teacup dogs are just dogs that are tiny.
Most people think that Toy dogs are a modern phenomenon. It’s the Teacup dogs that are a modern phenomenon. The concept and idea of keeping these kinds of dogs as a pet go back as far as 12,000 B.C. Ancient humans breed several varieties of dogs for different purposes. Some dogs were bred to be hunting companions, others as watchdogs, some are produced for the purpose of war, and finally other dogs are bred as pet companions. In recent times, archeologists have found several dog remains in Germany, Russia, Belgium and the Middle East. The toy and small dogs domesticated by ancient humans were used as a food source and used for fur. Other dogs were bred as pet companions that are treasured by their owners and serve as status symbols for wealthy humans much like in modern times.
So why are there no Teacup dogs during this period? Simple, Teacup dogs are impractical during this era of history. Teacup dogs today must be given careful maintenance of their heath, and the ancient humans have no or little way of doing it.
The idea of using a Toy or Teacup dog as a source of food is unfamiliar (and horrible) to modern day sensibilities, but for ancient humans, it was an entirely reasonable thing to do.
One good example of a small dog used as a food source is the Chihuahua. The Chihuahua were said to have originated from another extinct dog breed called Techichi that was favored as a companion dog by the Toltecs one of the ancient civilization of Mesoamerica. There is plenty of archeological evidence that other Mesoamerica cultures favored the Chihuahua’s ancestor as a pet. Places like the Great Pyramid of Cholula and Chichen Itza has lots of material to show the evidence.
The Aztecs used a type of small dog that is nearly hairless as food. The conquistador Hernan Cortes reported that these dogs were raised and sold as food products in the markets of ancient Mexico. The conquistadors also said that the dog was found in high numbers in the Chihuahua region as the place would later be named.
Note that Teacup dog breeds did not exist during this early period. Unlike Toy dogs producing a Teacup puppy or dog is a modern day thing. However, the selection processes for removing or enhancing traits in dogs like head shape, size, coat length, temperament, and nose width remain the same.
The dog’s temperament is easily manageable. The Teacup likes to be with people and is lively, sweet, perky, cheerful as well as trainable making socialization training accessible. For a dog of it size, they can be excellent watchdogs.
A Teacup’s behavior is easy to manage provided that its owner instills in its mind that he/she is the pack leader or boss. The dog may not take the teasing and surprising with good humor causing it to snap back. Lack of discipline will cause the Teacup to bark incessantly to the point of annoyance for its owners.
Another thing for Teacup owners to prevent in their dog is the Small Dog Syndrome. This syndrome is a case where the Teacup dog thinks that it is a pack leader of humans. Behavior issues like nervousness, excessive embarking, snapping, growling, demanding, etc. are signs that the dog is getting ahead of itself.
It is necessary for the owner to display leadership skills to show it who’s the boss. This action can improve good behavior in Teacup dogs. Children who interact with the dog must demonstrate traits of leadership to the dog.
Bottom line the Teacup is not for meek owners, but for those who can show firmness and discipline. It is recommended that a Teacup puppy should be trained as early as possible since training Teacup dogs at this point will turn them into good dogs.
Maintaining the health and well-being of your Teacup as a puppy is imperative. In some ways, it could mitigate any health problems found in Teacup dog breeds. Here are some essential things to remember when it comes to taking care of your dog:
- Feed your dog with the right food and nutrition – At this stage, you Teacup pup is still in development, so it is necessary to ensure that its receives the right kind of nourishments for its growing period. Give you pup canned chicken meat, eggs, some butter with flax seeds, bits of frozen fruit, veggies and wholesome milk. Vets would also suggest that the diet of the pup should be rich in omega fatty acids with little meat grease, minerals, and vitamins. Be watchful of the low blood sugar level or Hypoglycemia in the pup. Add “Karo” syrups in its diet to prevent Hypoglycemia.
- Makes sure that it gets a proper rest – A Teacup puppy is a very active dog and because of the intensity of its activities it needs some sound sleep and rest. At most it requires 14 hours of rest and sleep. Playing with your Teacup is fun and rewarding, but do not exceed for more than an hour during its playtime. Remember a good rest is an essential part of your pup’s good health.
- Let your pup get adjusted to its new surroundings – Newly bought Teacups pups get disoriented by their new surrounding and the people in it. As a result, it may experience stress and exhibit weird behavior. A Teacup puppy’s odd behavior may get on your nerves so try to exercise patience by not screaming or spanking. After a few days, it will act normal. The internal stress that pup feels can be lethal since it causes Hypoglycemia (see no.1 above) so observe carefully if the pup is getting too stressed.
- Give regular vaccinations must to the Teacup pup – Diseases or illness is always a danger to Teacup pups, and the only way to avoid them is through vaccination. Find a reputable veterinarian to do the vaccination. Vaccinating your pup can reduce the number of health problems it will face.
Like other dog breed the Teacup has its share of health problems such as digestive tract problems, IMHA (Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia), diabetes, heart disorders, PRA, epilepsy, ear infections and runny eyes. The dog’s eye suffers from progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts.
Just bear in mind even if these heath issues affect any Teacup dog breeds they are preventable and can be reduced by taking of the dog properly.
Popular Toy Dog Breeds (Teacup Dogs)
There is a wide variety of Toy dog breeds that a dog lover can choose. Your choice of the dog breed depends on your personal taste. But if you want to get one the famous Toy dog breeds this list may help you in your choice:
Shih Tzu – If you want a dog with a long, beautiful coat that does not shed fur this dog is suitable for you. However, the dog’s fast-growing coat hair needs regular grooming and trimming so be prepared to spend a bit of money for such activities. The Shih Tzu’s temperament varies from each dog though it is alert, outgoing, loyal and affectionate. Stubbornness is part in the dog’s personality, so it is advisable to train and socialize the dog at an early age to mitigate it. Though not intentionally bred as a watchdog the Shih Tzu is more than capable of doing the job.
Chihuahua – The most smallest of all dog breeds and comes in different colors, sizes, coat lengthens and head shapes. The divided into two varieties: the smooth, short-haired type and the long hair type. A Chihuahua regardless of what type it is has erect ears, large rounded skull, and large, round eyes. The colors of the dog also vary and no colors or patterns are better than the others. The Chihuahua is loyal and overprotective to its owner while having a “clannish” nature since it prefers to associate itself with others of its kind. Its owner’s personality can influence the dog’s temperament, and this can either be good or bad. The dog is fond of burrowing under pillows, blankets, clothes hampers and the bottom beds treating them as their dens.
Yorkshire Terrier – Originating from Yorkshire England (hence its name) this dog was bred during the 19th century to catch rats. They were also were featured in a blood sport called “rat-baiting.” A Yorkshire possesses a coat that grows long, but it does not impede its movement. The color, quality, skin and texture of the dog are paramount. The hair must also be silky, glossy, straight and fine. The color of the coat varies from dog to dog. Regular brushing is a must due its long hair. Expect the dog to be fond of attention, overprotective and curious. The dog’s personality gives out an impression that it is “conveying an important air” and it should be emotionally secure as well as mentally sound. Training a Yorkshire Terrier is easy and needs mental as well as physical simulation.
Poodle – Unlike other Toy dogs there are other versions of the breed called Standard and Miniature. The Standard Poodle was used as a retriever in duck hunting and upland bird hunting. Miniature Poodles as hunters for Truffles due to its sense of smell. During World War 2 the dog served in the military. Poodles are well proportioned, elegant and surely built with a coat that is dense and naturally curly. It is also an intelligent and active dog.
Pug – During the 16th century, the ancestors of the Pugs were brought to Europe from China as pets. They were popularized in Western Europe by the nobility like the House of Stuart and the House of Orange. Queen Victoria of Britain had a passion for Pugs. Today the Pug no longer exclusively owned by nobility, but celebrities take them as pets. The dog’s fine coat is glossy that comes in different colors though fawn in the most common of colors. Its square body has muscles that are well-developed and a curled tail. The dog’s face is short-muzzled and wrinkly giving it the impression of being a grumpy animal. In truth, however, the Pug is a social dog that is often docile, but also vivacious and rarely aggressive. The Pug is sensitive to their owner’s moods will eagerly please them. Exercises are necessary since the dog has a nature of laziness that can cause obesity. It is one the few dogs that depicted in paintings dating from the 1700s and 1800s.
How much do Teacup puppies cost?
Some Teacup pups cost about $800 to $1000. Sometimes it’s $1200 to $1500 and do note that this is the selling price from reputable breeders. In the UK, the price for the puppy is either £1000 or £450. A Teacup Puppy can be very expensive, so if you plan on getting one, you must be prepared to spend some money.
Be wary of breeders who sell Teacup pups that are in a $100 to $500 price range. The pup is from a poor pedigree and has unwanted health problems that can cost money regarding veterinarian expenses. Make sure that you only buy from breeders who have a reputation for breeding quality Teacup pups.
No, matter what kind of dog you choose from a selection of Teacup dog breeds be sure to take good care of it and give it the attention as well as the love that it deserves. Teacup dogs are excellent pets and thanks to their size as well as cuteness n dog lover can resist getting one as their little bundle of fun.