For the average person, there is little if no difference between Toy dogs and Teacup dogs, but as a dog expert can tell you that there is a significant difference between the two. You are perhaps planning on getting either one of the mentioned dog types as a pet and would wish to know how to tell the two dogs apart. If so then this article can help you in discernment.
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Traits of a Toy dog
Toy dogs are a group of dog breeds that are small compared to other dog breeds. Any dog type can be classified as a toy dog as long as they fit the criteria of being one. Dog types like the Pinschers, Spaniels and Terriers are some examples. An ancient and famous type of toy dogs is known as lapdogs belong to the same grouping, but not all lapdogs are toy dogs.
The required size for a dog to qualify as a toy dog is 18 inches or less, and this size requirement is applicable only full-grown dogs, not pups. Their weight should be 18 pounds, or less The lifespan of a Toy dog is at an average of 14 years that can be extended by giving the dog a healthy lifestyle, proper mental and physical stimulation as well as good nutrition.
Dog owners who live in cities or have little living space are well suited to have this kind of dog. The dog is popular with this type of dog owners due to their size which takes small space. They are easy to train, control and cleaning its messes like hair shedding is manageable hence their popularity. If you have a family with children, please teach your kids how to handle correctly and play with the toy dog. The dog’s size coupled with a child’s enthusiastic manner of playing with the dog can be detrimental to the toy dog.
Aside from their love of constant barking (which can be reminded by discipline and training) toy dogs are adorable pets due to their intelligence, friendliness, loyalty and affectionate manner.
Traits of a Teacup dog
Teacup dogs are smaller compared to their Toy dog cousins. These kinds of dogs are usually bred to be smaller in size. Any reputable or major dog registries do not recognize the Teacup breed. As a result, there is no standardized measurement for the height and weight of Teacups dogs. However, there is an unofficial measurement for Teacups. Any 12-month-old toy dog whose height is less than 17 inches and weights at 4lbs or less is considered to be a Teacup breed. Some examples of popular dog breeds that breeders use for breeding Teacups are the Silky Terrier, Maltese, Poodle, Yorkshire Terrier, Shih Tzu and Chihuahua.
Because of their popularity as pets (especially by famous celebrities), the price tag attached to them is very high. If you plan on getting a Teacup dog to be very careful and check if it is a real Teacup breed. Some breeders can easily mislead uninformed buyers. Fake Teacups are usually runts of a litter and that the breeder lied about the puppy’s exact age.
Like Toy dogs, they are ideal pets for dog owners who don’t have enough space in their homes and they must be handled carefully by kids.
Both the Toy and Teacup dogs suffer from the usual health problems. Be on the lookout for signs of hypoglycemia, overheating problems, heart problems, hydrocephalus, respiratory problems and bladder problems. A healthy lifestyle, proper care and the occasional visit to an expert veterinarian can mitigate the mentioned illnesses.
How to take care of Toy puppies
Toy dogs by their nature are small dogs, and their pups are even smaller. Therefore, the act of maintaining a Toy puppy’s health and its safety is paramount for anyone who adopts them as a pet. Here are some basic guides for caring your little bundle of joy:
1. Give the puppy a proper and correct diet – Foods with high protein content, lots of carbohydrates are good sources of energy for your Toy puppy especially if it is very active. Kibbles are useful for stopping the buildup of plaque in your puppy’s teeth. Feeding must be done 3 to 4 times a day. Avoid feeding your precious pup with byproducts and steer clear from corn, soy and wheat.
2. Regular appointment to the vet – A necessary action for all kinds of animal pet. Vaccinations and deworming are necessary to a 16-week old pup’s health. Additionally, the vet can check if they are other ailments affecting the pup. Vet appointments can also treat Coccidiosis (aka Coccidia) which is a very common disease found in Toy pups.
3. Train your puppy by using positive feedback – You may want to train your pet as early as possible to establish good habits. Be firm in your training session while being reasonably flexible at the same time. When your puppy does his training well give it lots of praises as well as an occasional reward (not too much to the point of spoiling it) and painful or hurtful ways to instill discipline is a big no-no. You can also train your pup in a training crate to get it used to sleep in a designated space as well as the doggy bed.
4. Keep the puppy safe and comfortable – The tiny size of your pet may cause you or any other person to overlook it hence the risk of the stepping on the pup. You might also want to keep an eye out for children playing with the Toy pup since they could intentionally or unintentionally hurt the poor thing. To prevent your pet from getting trampled underfoot by mistake, Put them in designated and better yet a doggy bed (not too big bed) with a soft towel or blanket. Provide your pet with toys as well. Finally, never leave your precious pup unattended indoors or outdoors.
Caring for your Teacup puppy
You need to invest in caring for Teacups puppies compared to Toy puppies. They are tinier than Toy dogs so keeping watch over them is a must. Here are some advice on taking care of Teacup puppies:
- Feed the pup with the right kind of diet – Meat, canned chicken, and eggs are a must for your pet’s diet. Little greased foods rich in minerals, vitamins and omega fatty acids are suitable for the pup’s well-being. For non-meat products choose butter with flax seeds, frozen fruit bits, vegetables and wholesome milk for useful nutrients that will benefit your precious pup.
- Gives your pet lots of comfortable and adequate rest – Teacups tend to be very active and as a result, they use up a lot of energy that needs restoring. Limit your playtime with the pup for at least one hour. When an activity is over, and your pup is tired, it will go to sleep. When that happens, make sure that your precious pet is in a comfortable bed with lots of privacy for uninterrupted 14 hours of sleep. Lots of rest will keep your little bundle of joy healthy and fit.
- Monitor your pet’s blood sugar levels – One cause of fatalities in Teacup puppies is hypoglycemia or low blood sugar levels. Stress panic attacks and feelings of frustration are some of the causes this ailment. To prevent hypoglycemia, try putting some “Karo” syrups in the pup’s diet.
- Help your Teacup pup adjust to its new surroundings – Bringing a Teacup puppy for the first time in your home can be disorienting for the poor thing. As such he can be afflicted with stress and mood swings. Help the poor pup by making it get used to your home by being gentle, patience and firm. Avoid screaming or spanking since they won’t do any good expect to traumatize the pup.
- Prioritize regular vet check for your pet – As a puppy, Teacups are vulnerable to other diseases. Vaccination on a regular basis during its growing period is necessary and regular examinations can inform the vet on how to treat the puppy or recommend the appropriate medication.
How Much do Teacup Pups Cost?
The price tag attached to a Teacup puppy goes as high as $10,000 and as low as $800. Of course, some pups that cost $300, $1200, $1500, etc. The price of a Teacup is often affected by the bloodline and pedigree of the puppy.
Be aware however that some Teacups are sold for more than they’re worth. A $1200 puppy may not cost that amount. In fact, it might even be lower. Also, make sure that the Teacup pup you’re buying is a pure Teacup breed. Some who sell these “Teacups” uses the runt of the litter while some use questionable breeding methods that result in a very unhealthy puppy plagued by various illnesses. So remember when buying a Teacup puppy be smart and be discerning.
Criteria for Labeling a dog as Toy breed
The most important criteria for a dog to qualify as a Toy breed is its size. A Toy dog must be 18 inches or less when it reaches its mature state. Another criterion is the purpose of a Toy dog. However, this criterion is more or less an area of contention among dog experts. Some hold that a Toy dog is just an animal companion that has a slow movement and does little exercises due to its low endurance. Others would maintain that gazehounds and hunting dogs that are hardy as well as fast qualify as Toy dogs provided they are within the 18 inches or less limit. Even dog registries don’t agree on standard criteria for Toy dogs expect the size. As I mentioned above the only relevant criteria for a Toy dog is size.
Teacup dogs vs Toy Dogs – Which is Smaller?
The correct answer to this is Teacup dogs. Their total height and weight are lesser compared to Toy dogs. Please bear in mind that the height and weight measurement of both dogs is applicable only to fully grown dogs. Any puppy that is within a certain height as well as weight measurement only to exceed it when it reaches adulthood is disqualified as a Teacup or Toy dog.
Knowing the differences between the two dog breeds can be very useful for taking care of your chosen dog pet. The two have a lot in common except for the size so knowing how to act and care for your pet is not hard. Regardless of what you choose as a pet always remember to love it and care for it so that your dog can have a loving as well as wonderful life under your wing.